The Longhorn shows at the 2015 National Western drew quite the crowd, as many were fascinated by their horns. Here's a brief history on the breed.
The Longhorn breed is most famous for two things. Number one, their horns — which can grow to up to seven feet long on some cattle — and number two, their lean meat. Many will tell you that the horns and hide coloring are a result of Spanish and English crossbreeding, although the exact origin of the breed is unknown. Long ago, Longhorns would roam the open plains, gaining weight on very little. Making them very desirable.
Cattle would be driven from Texas to markets across the United States. But as they made these drives, they would spread "Texas Fever" to other cattle herds along the way, which Longhorns were immune to. Ranchers quickly took a disliking to that, and would ban Longhorn trail drives in certain geographical regions. It was that combined with the installation of barbed wire fences, that kept more Longhorns in the south. With the popularity of pens, Texas Longhorns became less desirable, since their strength lying in their ability to gain weight in large open areas, or even on cattle drives.
After surviving an almost extinction, the Longhorns today have since regained popularity and are bred and kept for their longevity, resistance to disease, fertility, ease of calving and their lean meat.
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